Investment Co. (Pty) Ltd
O Box 586
: (011) 802-1167
: (011) 802-7060
Fax to email: 0866 724 456
business economics makes it clear that the most desirable place to be is in
the middle between a long term decreasing supply, and a steadily increasing
demand. The Paulownia Plantation
Program is the easiest way to enter the world lumber market as a
producer/supplier without purchasing a forest or waiting 30 to 40 years.
To be among those who plant Paulownia as an Agro-forester/Investor
means you will be able to market the lumber quickly while receiving high
prices for your product. Waiting
for forests to naturally regenerate takes far too long, and is not
economically feasible. To speed
things up, various methods of reforestation are employed (propagating and
re-planting harvested forest regions). These practices have shortened the
re-growth of a forest region; nonetheless, it still requires 35 to 45 years.
shorten the time from germination to harvest, scientists have helped to
develop faster growing pine varieties. However, this method still takes 20 to
30 years, depending on all the variables (soils, climate, cultural practices,
etc.). To date, the fastest, most
effective method for growing wood bearing trees is agro-forestry. This is the planting of wood producing trees on tree farms or
orchard-type plantations. Among
the fastest growing, wood producing trees in the world are various species of
Eucalyptus, poplar and Paulownia.
Eucalyptus wood is primarily used for cellulose and firewood.
Poplar wood is used as a low cost wood for doors, windows and moulding.
Paulownia is the highest quality of the fast growers (there are
also slow growth species of the Paulownia). Of course, as with any wood, the
older the wood at harvest the higher the quality (more "character"
to the wood) and the higher the price. The
fastest return on quality timber is with well-managed Paulownia plantations;
the Paulownia tree is suitable for logging after four to five years. More
than thirty years have been spent researching the viability of growing
Paulownia around the world and are having excellent results.
The Paulownia could be considered the ultimate
Each tree removes 22 kgs. of carbon dioxide
per year. (55 000 kgs. per
hectare per year)
Each tree releases about 6 kgs. of oxygen
per day. (15
000 kgs. per hectare per day)
Each hectare of trees will scrub 32 tons of
gases and dust from the air per year.
Each tree can absorb 91 litres of wastewater
per day. (227 500
litres per hectare per day)
Paulownia is more environmentally friendly than other plantation timbers
because it re-grows from the stump and does not leave the soil leached of
nutrients. As a percentage of the
plantation is logged it regrows very fast, up to 4.3 meters in one year so the
land continues to look attractive.
Paulownia has a long taproot and very few surface roots and it actually brings
nutrients to the surface. Added to this the paulownia leaf is highly
nutritious making excellent stock food or mulch if left on the plantation
Paulownia has also proven to be tolerant of effluent and higher levels of
salinity than most trees. In
China and regions of the US it has also proven to deal with water and soil
pollution better than any other tree. It
has shown remarkable abilities when used for phytoremediation.
originally from China, can produce a butt log of millable quality hardwood
timber within four to six years. This
compares with a minimum of 18-20 years for other hardwoods.
timber is comparable in quality to Western Red Cedar, Meranti and Obecchi. It
has a high strength to weight ratio, is light in weight and color and is
suitable for furniture, boat and caravan outfitting, shop fittings, office
interiors, blinds and moldings.
The Paulownia also has
fire retardant qualities because it does not contain volatile oils like most
other trees so it is less vulnerable to forest fires. In recent
white ants would not eat Paulownia when they have decimated other timbers.
on the earth, few surface roots, long taproot that helps to lower water table
and prevent salinity. A very
clean tree, no berries, no sap drop, drops its leaves in autumn and they
disintegrate within a few days.
Health Benefit - CSIRO studies confirm eucalyptus react with pollution causing
problems for asthma sufferers. Paulownia
absorbs more pollution and has a very low pollen count.
Increasing Demand for Timber:
Mankind has always and will always have an insatiable
appetite for wood and wood products.
Along with the simple fact of the steadily increasing human population, there
is a concomitant increase in the need for wood (wood for heat, cooking fuel,
shelter, furniture, tools, art supplies, and musical instruments, as well as
for construction related wood products.)
Wood is needed in the production of various products such as rubber, resins,
quinine, turpentine and cellulose. As more wood-dependent products are
developed, the demand will increase.
As commerce steadily increases so does the need for more shipping containers,
usually made of cardboard. While recycling satisfies part of the need, it can
not keep up with the demand. With the advent of the personal computer with
printer and FAX, using reams of paper is no longer considered excessive, but
rather is now a basic home necessity (to be used for the children's homework
and the family business)
The Reality of Diminishing Supply:
supply of lumber and the raw material for wood and paper-related products is
forever dwindling. It has been
estimated that 95% of the first-growth forests in the United States have been
cut in the last 100 years.
will continue to erode as a result of:
Human consumption: Tropical forests are
being destroyed at alarming rates.
Clearing and burning for grazing land.
Commercial lumber harvesting.
Natural disasters such as fires and
floods ravage hundreds of thousands of acres every year. Most of these
activities cause serious erosion and loss of topsoil.
Government regulations: In an effort to
protect endangered plant and animal species and to comply with the pressures
of public opinion, more and more forestlands are being taken out of production
by government mandates.
Private and government acquisition.
Very slow replacement time.
most commodities, when the demand goes up, producers simply plant more acreage
of corn or wheat or the oil companies pump more oil. With these examples, and
with most commodities, the "turn around time" is a matter of months.
In the lumber business, the turn around time from planting to harvesting is
usually a matter of decades.
Characteristics & Advantages:
The Paulownia can be coppiced (harvest the
tree by cutting it off near ground level and another tree will begin to grow
from the same root system). This can be done several times (4 to 6 times)
during the life of the tree.
Because Paulownia has a vertical root system, growers can plant annuals
between the rows of trees for diversified income if desired.
The wood is a lightweight hardwood,
straight-grained, free of knots, very stable, light in color, easy to work
(mill, sand, carve, etc.), and very easy to dry and with less drying defects.
In autumn, the fallen leaves can be used as nutrient-rich
stock feed, or as a component of high-grade compost to
enrich the soil.
The large surface area of the Paulownia’s broad
leaves take-in correspondingly large amounts of carbon dioxide and
gives out correspondingly large amounts of oxygen.
The ornamental beauty of the Paulownia is
displayed in its cascades of blue to pink shades of blossoms (depending on the
species) for 4 to 6 weeks during spring, and these flowers produce excellent
Water sensitive roots
not invade sewer or water pipes.
Can be used for furniture, veneer, boxes for shipping,
particleboard, doors & windows, musical instruments, picture frames, toys,
fishing net floats, and for shoes.
The wood is also very stable in wet/humid environments,
and is highly durable and decay resistant.